FEMORAL HERNIA: Femoral hernias are more likely to strangulate than inguinal ones, and are much less common. They are rare in India and Africa and in children everywhere. Whereas inguinal hernias are almost entirely a male disease, the sex incidence of femoral hernias is more nearly equal, with femoral hernias only… Continue reading Femoral hernias
Mnemonic:- “ANTS” Acanthamoeba castellanii(brain cyst). Naegleria fowleri (brain cyst). Toxoplasma gondii (cysts in male patient). Sarcocystis lindemanni ( mascular sarcocystosis). *Click to enlarge images
Grades of splenomegaly. Grade I :- Spleen is palpable under the costal margin. Grade II :- Spleen is palpable between the costal margin andumbilicus. Grade III :- Spleen is palpable below the umbilicus.
MNEMONIC: ‘SCAN your nose’ S -shaped deformity C -shaped deformity Anterior dislocation Nasal spur Deviation may involve only the cartilage,bone or both. S -shaped deformity may cause bilateral nasal obstruction. REF:
ABCDEFGHI: Angiodysplasia Bowel cancer Colitis Diverticulitis/ Duodenal ulcer Epitaxis/ Esophageal (cancer, esophagitis, varices) Fistula (anal, aortaenteric) Gastric (cancer, ulcer, gastritis) Hemorrhoids Infectious diarrhoea/ IBD/ Ischemic bowel REF:
Rubella Oral polio vaccine Measles Epidemic typhus Influenza Mumps BCG Plague Typhoid oral vaccine Yellow fever
Question: This 6-year-old boy presented with fever and rash that did not improve despite treatment with cephalexin. What diagnosis is suggested? A. Bullous pemphigoid B. Staphylococcal scalded skin C. Herpes simplex infection D. Kawasaki disease Correct answer : Staphylococcal scalded skin Explanation : Flaccid bullae, perioral crusting and fever suggest the staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome. The… Continue reading Diagnosis??
Trichilemmoma: In 1962, Headington and French first described trichilemmoma as a benign neoplasm with differentiation toward pilosebaceous follicular epithelium, or outer root sheath. Their significance resides in the association with Cowden Disease(multiple hamartoma syndrome) and the need to differentiate trichilemmomas from other more aggressive cutaneous tumors, such as trichilemmal carcinoma. Clinically, trichilemmomas present as well-defined, smooth,… Continue reading Trichilemmoma