Pathology

Mnemonic for causes of secondary amyloidosis

Mnemonic for causes of secondary amyloidosis is : ARTHROSCOPE A – Ankylosing spondylitis; Arthritis – rheumatic and psoriatic R – Renal cell carcinoma T – Tuberculosis H – Hodgkin’s disease R – Reiter’s syndrome O – Osteomyelitis S – Sjogren’s syndrome C – Chronic infections O – Others (bronchiectasis, leprosy) P – Paraplegia with infection… Continue reading Mnemonic for causes of secondary amyloidosis

Otorhinolaryingology

Ca Larynx

Cancer of the larynx can occur on: the glottis (most laryngeal cancers are there) the supraglottis (the area above the vocal cords that includes the epiglottis), the subglottis (the area that connects the larynx to the trachea). AETIOLOGY:  smoking alcohol gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) poor nutrition human papillomavirus (HPV) : 16 & 18 race: Laryngeal cancer is found twice as… Continue reading Ca Larynx