Medicine

Pulse

Pulse Rate: average 70-72, faster in children, and may slow in old age. Compare with apex rate. Rhythm: Respiratory variations are common in healthy individuals (if there is noticeable quickening in inspiration and slowing in expiration, this is termed sinus arrhythmia). The most common irregularities are atrial arrhythmias and extrasystoles (which may disappear on exertion).… Continue reading Pulse

Medicine

Bouchard’s Nodes

Bouchard’s Node: Bouchard’s nodes are named after French pathologist Charles-Joseph Bouchard (1837-1915) Are outgrowths or hard cysts found on the fingers in patients with a history osteoarthritis. Found on the PIP joints [proximal interphalangeal joints] of fingers Caused by a calcification of the articular cartilage Are much less common than Heberden’s Nodes May also be seen in Rheumatoid Arthritis… Continue reading Bouchard’s Nodes