Anatomy Cranial duramater has periosteal and meningeal layers, is supplied by 5th nerve, is outermost meningeal layer and Dural venous sinuses are not present inner to the meningeal layer. Lateral pterygoid muscle, medial pterygoid muscle and tensor veli palatini muscle are innervated by trigeminal nerve. Stylohyoid muscle is innervated by the stylohyoid branch of the… Continue reading AIIMS MAY 2014 with Solutions
CADET for movement of the hemoglobin curve to the rightC = Increase in carbon dioxide A = Acidosis (low ph) D = Increase in 2.3,DPG E- = Exercise T = increase in temperature So basically everything is increased except ph, which is low causing acidosis *****************xxxxxxxxxx****************xxxxxxxxxxxxx****************xxxxxxxxxxxx****** Stages of mitosisP-MAT (a cat pees on the mat)… Continue reading Mnemonics
Goodness Gracious Father Franklin Did Go By Picking Pumpkins (to) Prepare Pies: Glucose Glucose 6 P Fructose 6P Fructose 1, 6 diP Dihydroxyacetone- P Glyceraldehyde 3P 1,3 Biphosphoglycerate 3 Phosphoglycerate 2 Phosphoglycerate Phosphoenolpyruvate Pyruvate REF:
Functions of Glutathione: “T. M.E.D.I.C.S” T ransport of Amino Acids M ethemoglobin reduction E rythrocyte homeostasis D etoxification of Organophosphates, Halogenated or nitrogenous compounds I nsulin inactivation C oenzyme in reduction reactions S cavenger of toxic substances PEARLS: Glutathione isolated in 1921 by sir Fredrick Hopkins REF:
Oh Citric Acid Is Ofcourse A SiLly STupid Funny Molecule O xaloacetate C itrate A conitate I socitrate O xalosuccinate A lpha ketoglutarate S uccinyl CoA S uccinate F umarate M alate NOTE: (SiLly & sTupid helps to differentiate succinLy coA & succinaTe) REF:
THE FOLLOWING ARE SOME OF THE BIOCHEMICAL FINDINGS IN A PATIENT. WHAT IS YOUR PROBABLE DIAGNOSIS? Question: Van den Bergh reaction – Direct positive Total Bilirubin – 16.8 mg % Conjugated Bilirubin – 15.4 mg % Unconjugated Bilirubin – 1.4 mg % ALT – 40 Units (N = < 40 IU/L) AST – 400 IU/L… Continue reading Clinical Cases
Congenital Hyperbilirubinemias and the associated syndromes are given below. Conjugated Hyperbilirubinemia “CD ROM” Conjugated: Dubin-Johnson syndrome & Rotor syndrome Unconjuagted Hyperbilirubinemia Think: “‘Use CNG” Unconjugted: Crigler-Najjar syndrome & Gilbert’s syndrome
“Over The HILL“: Oxidoreductases Transferases Hydrolases Isomerases Ligases Lyases Enzymes take the reaction over the hill.
The mnemonic for rememering the names of the essential amino acids: “Look There, Look There, VIP Man” The essential amino acids are: Leucine Threonine Lysine Tryptophan Valine Isoleucine Phenylalanine Methionine Some other amino acids are considered to be essential under certain conditions.